Erectile Dysfunction is a problem that afflicts many men.

Men with this condition may have had the problem for years, and have never sought help from a doctor. But if you are experiencing any of the symptoms of erectile dysfunction, or if your erections are not as strong as they used to be, it is time to consult a physician. The first step is to see your doctor and ask him or her about erectile dysfunction.

What is Erectile Dysfunction?

The inability to obtain or maintain a firm enough erection for sexual intercourse is known as erectile dysfunction (ED). Impotence is a term that is sometimes used, but it is becoming less popular. 

It’s not uncommon to experience ED on a regular basis. It’s something that a lot of people go through when they’re under a lot of pressure. However, frequent ED can be a sign of underlying health issues that require treatment. It could also be a sign of emotional or relationship issues that you should seek professional help for.

What Causes an Erection?

ED can be caused by issues at any point during the erection process. The increased blood flow into your penis causes an erection. Of course, you can increase blood flow by thinking about sex, or by touching your penis. 

In response to sexual stimulation, a muscle in the penis’ blood vessels relaxes, allowing more blood to flow through the penis. Penis two chambers are filled with more blood as a result of this procedure. As blood enters the chambers, the penis hardens. 

When the muscles in the blood vessels contract, the accumulated blood can flow out through the penile veins, resulting in your erection subsiding.

How Common Is ED?

One in ten adult males will develop ED at some point in their lives. 

Erection failure can be caused by a variety of factors, such as excessive alcohol consumption, stress, relationship issues, or extreme exhaustion, among others. 

When it comes to getting an erection less than 20% of the time, it’s not unusual to experience difficulty. In contrast, inability to get an erection more than half of the time usually indicates a problem and the necessity of treatment. 

Growing old doesn’t have to mean erectile dysfunction (ED). Some older men may require more stimulation, but getting an erection and having fun sexually should not be a problem for them.

Common Causes of Erectile Dysfunction

Common Causes of Erectile Dysfunction

ED can be caused by a variety of factors, including both emotional and physical issues. Among the most common causes are: 

  • Coronary heart disease 
  • Diabetes 
  • High blood pressure or hypertension. 
  • High cholesterol levels 
  • Obesity 
  • Hormone imbalances or low testosterone levels 
  • Kidney failure 
  • Age 
  • Stress 
  • Anxiety 
  • Depression 
  • Difficulties in relationships 
  • Certain prescription drugs, such as those for high blood pressure or depression 
  • Sleep disturbances 
  • Drug Use
  • Alcohol Consumption 
  • Smoking 
  • Parkinson’s disease, a neurological disorder that affects people. 
  • Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a disease that affects people (MS) 
  • Injury or surgery to the pelvic area can cause damage. 
  • Peyronie’s disease, a condition in which scar tissue forms in the penis. 

Only one of these factors, or a combination of them, can cause ED. That’s why it’s critical to collaborate with your doctor so that any underlying medical conditions can be ruled out or treated. Find out more about ED’s causes.

Symptoms of Erectile Dysfunction

Getting an erection may not always be possible for everyone. It’s not a medical emergency if it happens only once in a while. The only way to know for sure if someone has ED is when they consistently fail to get an erection. 

To be diagnosed with erectile dysfunction, a person does not need to have symptoms for a set period of time. Six months has been recommended by some professionals. 

The term “erectile dysfunction” (ED) does not refer only to the inability to achieve an erect penis. An inability to ejaculate or the inability to keep an erection long enough to complete an encounter are also possible symptoms. 

It’s difficult to get or keep a strong enough erection when you have Erectile Dysfunction (ED). Your primary care provider or an Urologist can assist you if ED becomes a regular and bothersome problem. 

The presence of ED in a man could be a major warning sign of cardiovascular disease, indicating that blockages are forming in his vascular system. According to some studies, men with ED are more likely to have a heart attack, stroke, or circulatory problems in their legs. ED can also lead to: 

  • Low self-confidence 
  • Depression 
  • Poor relationships. 

It is important to treat ED if it is affecting a man’s well-being or relationships. The goal of treatment is to improve or restore erectile function, improve circulatory health, and improve a man’s quality of life.

See also Erectile Dysfunction: Diagnosis and Treatment

How To Help Your Doctor Make The Proper Diagnosis

How To Help Your Doctor Make The Proper Diagnosis

Knowing your ED history will aid your doctor in determining whether your issues are caused by your desire for sex, erection function, ejaculation, or orgasm (climax). Some of these inquiries may appear personal or even humiliating. Be assured, however, that your doctor is a professional, and that your candid responses will aid in determining the cause and best treatment for you. 

Questions about your erectile dysfunction symptoms: 

  • How long have you been experiencing these symptoms? Is it true that they started slowly or all at once? 
  • Do you have an erection in the morning or during the night? 
  • How firm are your erections if you do have them? Is it difficult to penetrate? 
  • Do your erections vary depending on the situation, such as when you’re with a partner, stimulated by mouth, or masturbating? 
  • Do you struggle with arousal or sex drive? 
  • Do you have ejaculation or orgasm (climax) issues? 
  • How is this issue affecting your sexual pleasure? 
  • Do you have erections that hurt, a lump or bump in your penis, or a penile curvature? These are symptoms of Peyronie’s Disease, which can be treated but should be evaluated and managed by a urologist.


Erectile dysfunction (ED) can be effectively treated by improving your cardiovascular health. There are ways in which your ‘risk factors’ can be modified or improved.

You may be asked to alter your eating habits, quit smoking, increase your workouts, or refrain from using drugs or alcohol. It’s possible that you’ll be offered alternatives to the medications you’re taking. (Avoid stopping or changing prescription medications without first consulting your doctor.) 

Treatment for emotional issues may also be recommended by your health care provider. Relationship issues, life stressors, depression or anxiety from previous ED issues could all contribute to these symptoms (performance anxiety). The treatments listed below can be used to treat ED on its own.

It’s common for patients to begin with non-invasive treatments. There are a number of well-known treatments for ED that are both effective and safe. It’s still a good idea to inquire about possible side effects with your doctor before making a decision: 

It is common in the United States to prescribe oral medications known as phosphodiesterase type-5 inhibitors (PDIs) (Viagra, Cialis, Levitra, Stendra). Therapeutic use of Testosterone may also be reccomended if low testosterone is detected in blood testing.

Some of the treatments include:  

  • Penile injections (ICI, intracavernosal Alprostadil) 
  • Intra-urethral medication (IU, Alprostadil) 
  • Erection Devices (Vacuum) 
  • Penile Implants 

Some younger men with a history of severe pelvic trauma may benefit from surgery to bypass damaged penile arteries. For older men with hardened arteries, penile vascular surgery is not recommended.


When a man is unable to maintain a complete erection on a regular basis, he is said to have erectile dysfunction (ED). This is a widespread ailment that affects over 20 million people in the United States. 

Physical factors, such as excessive cholesterol levels, or psychological factors, such as sexual performance anxiety, can both contribute to ED. 

A doctor may suggest a variety of ED treatments, such as prescription medicine or, in rare situations, surgical intervention.

See also Erectile Dysfunction: Causes, Risk Factors, and Treatment Options

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